The 7 elements of interior design are a scheme of key elements through which to achieve balance when creating an interior. Balance, on the other hand, is extremely important in our daily lives. It helps us to relax and live our lives to the fullest.

And this is exactly why we must pay due attention to our interior. If you are about to renovate or redecorate your home, office, hotel or any space, the 7 elements of interior design are a great way to create a stylish and aesthetically pleasing look of any room.

So, these extremely important ingredients are here for you. They will help you get inspired and create your design just the way you want it. In the following lines I will introduce you in detail in each element, as well as their proper combination in a balanced interior scheme.

If we consider design as a science of harmonious beauty, then interior design is a science of balance in interior decoration. The 7 design elements are a combination of space, line, shape, light, colour, texture and pattern. The right combination of them aims to compensate for the shortcomings or to accentuate a detail with only one goal: to create a functional interior that you will enjoy for a long time.

Table of Contents


Space is the first and most important element of the interior. In order to achieve cosiness and functionality, it is necessary to measure the room and estimate the distances between the furniture. If we take the living room as an example, then the first thing you think of is a sofa, right?

Well start from there. Think about how much your family is a member and how often you spend together on the couch. The optimal size for one seat and in particular for a sofa is about 80 cm. That is, if there are 4 people in your family, a sofa with a size of about 3 meters would be suitable. If the space in your living room is too small, you could consider a corner sofa or a 3-seater sofa plus armchair.

The next important step is to think about the distance between and around the rest of the furniture and objects in the room. Calculate the proportions well and achieve the perfect balance. The space in interior design is divided into two subgroups: “positive” and “negative”.



The positive space is the place where the furniture and other elements and accessories are placed, The negative space is the areas in which nothing is placed, the distances between the individual objects and the spaces for passage and circulation. Here is the time to assess the right balance between the two.

In order not to experience the feeling of clutter and clutter, it is good to evaluate all the elements of interior design correctly. Hell in the article I will look at the other elements and try to show you a few examples of a balanced interior. As an example of place and distance, it is good to know some rules.

The paths for passing in a room should be about 1 meter wide, and the distance between the sofa and the coffee table about 50 cm. These are, of course, the general rules that we are taught at university and there are always exceptions. If we take for example the modern style that has made a splash in recent years in London.

I would definitely say that spacious spaces would be most suitable for such a style. So it is important to align the space with the other elements. An excellent example of a functional, open-plan living space can be found here.


Through the lines you can create different shapes to create the feeling of harmony, contrast and uniqueness in the interior design. Also, with the appropriate lines, you could tuck or spill different shapes and create accents on this way. They affect us on a visual level and are extremely suitable if we want to create the illusion of width or height.. The lines in interior design are categorized into three types: horizontal, vertical and dynamic. Horizontal lines are often furniture such as tables, sofas, chairs, beds. Vertical lines can be windows, doors, columns and scattered architectural elements. Dynamic or angular lines often attract attention with their ruffled lines. Their use in interior design is often found in the form of stairs.

The interior designer knows perfectly well how to properly use this element and decorate the interior. As a great example of exactly how to use vertical and horizontal lines, check out one of my projects here. A very important point that should not be overlooked is to get acquainted with the materials and interior design. If you manage to combine them with the right proportions and lines you will have a great result. As an additional example, I can add the following: If you are going to furnish a small room, such as a bathroom, avoid small tiles for the walls. Excessive saturation of the joints between the individual tiles will create the feeling of a small room. The good solution is to place large horizontal tiles with a size of 30×60 cm, for example. In this way you will visually expand the room and create the feeling of space.


The forms on the one hand can be the whole look. As an example: different styles in interior design are characterized by different shapes: oval, straight, rounded, etc. You could combine several shapes in one space and thus emphasize different elements. You could also add playful or contrasting colours as well as different fabrics to emphasize a shape. Well-chosen shapes create a sense of harmony and balance to the space. As an example of a perfect combination of shapes and colours you can see here.

Also the shape is considered the shape of the room, as well as all objects in it, such as furniture. If we consider the form as a three-dimensional object, then I would say that we are surrounded by geometric or natural shapes. And here I will pay a little more attention to detail. If we assume that the shapes are divided into two groups: geometric and natural, then the geometric ones are characterized by concrete, strict lines, as well as square edges. Very often they are created by human hand with a specific purpose and purpose.
Natural forms are those that give us the feeling of nature close to us. They have irregular shapes and natural colours. Of course, there are exceptions here as well.

Another important thing you need to know when decorating your interior is the observance of proportions and scale. If your room is small, I would advise you to limit yourself to furnishing with the same shapes. If your room is big enough, you could afford two to three different shapes. But be careful, your goal is to create balance. If you are worried about the shapes in the interior, follow this example which works flawlessly. If you want a cosy space, choose a dominant shape and choose accessories or other small items with the same shape.


Light is a key element in interior design. Without light, none of the other elements would look aesthetically beautiful. It plays an important role in emphasizing colour, texture or pattern. Light is characterized in two subcategories: natural and artificial. It also determines the mood and atmosphere in a home and emphasizes every other element, including space, lines and shapes. For these reasons, it is important to pay close attention to proper lighting.

Think about where, what and how much light to put in different spaces. Adding too little or too little light to certain areas of the interior can lead to poor results. Beautiful chandeliers, discreet table lamps or recessed lighting, they are all present in every home. I always advise using the maximum amount of natural light if possible of course. And artificial light should be in reasonable, measured quantities.


Texture refers to the surface of an object or finish. It’s an element that is often overlooked, but really does have the ability to bring a unique dimension to the room. Just like mixing colour and pattern, an interior designer mixes the textures within a space to give a subtle sense of depth. Think glossy, coarse, smooth… From furniture to accessories to fabric, texture has the ability to add interest and detail, making it visually pleasing to the eye. In essence, it gives a room feeling.

Texture comes in two forms – visual texture and actual texture. Visual texture refers to texture that is perceived by the eye. In other words, this is the impression of texture one gets by only viewing an object. This effect is usually found in the form of pattern. Actual or tactile textures can be seen or felt and has 3D characteristics. For example, a fluffy, colorful colorful can be appreciated not only with the eye but also with touch.

Generally, if there is a sense of something missing in a room, a good interior designer will be able to distinguish that it will be due to lack of texture. Texture plays a part in every object selected for a room, and therefore is best managed with careful consideration from the ground up. The placement of each object in comparison to the texture of the object beside it will also add emphasis and contrast to the finished design.

Texture refers to the surface quality of objects—how they feel. For example, a marble table top is smooth and cold; tweed is rough and warm, and velvet looks warm, soft, and napped (it has what is known as a pile ). Textures can also produce feelings in a room. Plush carpet and soft fabrics provide a sense of comfort, while glass, metal and stone give a feeling of coolness. Rough, nubby materials give a feeling of ruggedness and stability, while smooth velvets and brocade suggest luxury. By having an understanding of texture, you can bring character to a room.


The greatest influence on our mood except for time play colours. We are constantly surrounded by tips on how to choose the right colours for our interior to control our feelings and emotions. The psychology of colours and how colours affect human behavior are now the subject of much research and training courses at universities. Every student of interior design is taught about colour solutions. Hospital rooms, offices, fast food restaurants are coloured so as to influence the behavior of people who visit and use them. Even the products on the shelves of your local supermarket are packaged to attract your attention. So why are you so hesitant when using colours in your interiors?

The first step to overcoming your hesitation is to find out the right colours for your interior. And these are the colours that you like, not someone else. It is known that red stimulates your appetite and is a passionate colour – an excellent colour for chairs. Blue and green are fresh and soothing. They are the colours of nature and are suitable for your bedroom. Yellow and orange are toning like the sun, so they are good for rooms where you may need to increase your energy – say the kitchen. Orange in softer tones is ideal for terracotta flooring. Here the condition is not to be in its strongest tones, so as not to get colour discomfort.

The variety of magazines and TV shows for interior design will offer you a lot of fun and sometimes amazing combinations such as violet-yellow-green, turquoise and orange-red, orange-fuchsia. Be careful when choosing and combining colors. I would say that this is one of the most dangerous moments in interior design. Purple and yellow-green are suitable for combination because they are complementary colours. They are opposite each other on the colour wheel. In the same way are turquoise and orange-red. You may think that if you mix orange and fuchsia, the result will be disastrous, but the opposite will happen, the combination will be successful, because these two colors stand next to each other on the wheel. You will make a good investment if you are looking for colour schemes with which you can easily combine different colours.

If you are tired of seeing shades of beige, or our well-known “magnolia”, think of something fresh and colorful. Saturated tones like: Emerald, Leafy green, Citron yellow, Deep aubergine, or Chartreuse colours and Warm natural colour  are excellent solution for a stylish interior.

Have fun with the colours! Be brave! Be colourful!



When decorating a room or an entire home, there are some elements of interior design that you need to choose with special care, right? Which colour scheme is most suitable for my interior? What furniture to choose? And, of course, what does this room need? All these big issues have to be resolved before you start decorating.

But if we focus only on the overall vision of the interior, we risk our rooms to look boring and uncomfortable. The job of the interior designer is to look at a project as a whole, with all the small and large elements. Textures are extremely important and should not be overlooked. The use of appropriate pattern in interior design will bring visual interest to the room and is a powerful finishing tool in decorating.

What is the pattern in interior design?
If you think about it, everything in the home has a “pattern”. In practice, pattern means surface. It can be wood, various types of metal, upholstery, curtains, etc. Adding a suitable pattern will refresh the interior and will add an accentuated character with an artistic finish.

It is important to create the right foundations, such as shapes. The easiest way to add pattern to your home is through a variety of fabrics and textiles. These can be decorative pillows in combination with suitable curtains and carpets. Furniture such as sofas or armchairs with appropriate textures would turn your living room into a really cosy room. Upholstered beds are also a great way to create a memorable atmosphere in your bedroom.

Photos source by Own pictures and Web

Author Eliza Lazarova

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